While reading a bit recently, I came across the following:

“Rationalism belongs to the cool observer. But because of the stupidity of the average person, they follow not reason, but faith. This naive faith, requires necessary illusions and emotionally potent oversimplifications, which are provided by the myth maker to keep the ordinary person on course.”

– Reinhold Niebuhr

This is where Chomsky got the title of one of his books. Now, is that not in the spirit of Bernays?

It also raises the questions presented by earlier communications thinkers (Lasswell, Lippman). Propaganda is inevitable in a democratic society, but is it necessary? and are we better than that?

I still haven’t been able to answer that.